An eyelid is a thin fold of skin that covers and protects an eye. The human eyelid features a row of eyelashes along the eyelid margin, which serve to heighten the protection of the eye from dust and foreign debris, as well as from perspiration. Its key function is to regularly spread the tears and other secretions on the eye surface to keep it moist, since the cornea must be continuously moist. They keep the eyes from drying out when asleep. Moreover, the blink reflex protects the eye from foreign bodies.
A skin tag, or acrochordon (pl. acrochorda), is a small benign tumor that forms primarily in areas where the skin forms creases (or rubs together), such as the neck, armpit and groin. They may also occur on the face, usually on the eyelids. Though tags up to a 12.7 mm long have been seen, they are typically the size of a grain of rice.
Chalazion (also known as Meibomian cyst is a cyst in the eyelid usually due to a blocked meibomian gland. They are typically in the middle of the eyelid, red, and not painful. They tend to come on gradually over a few weeks.
A chalazion may occur following a stye or from hardened oils blocking the gland. The blocked gland is usually the meibomian gland, but can also be the gland of Zeis
A stye and cellulitis may appear similar. A stye, however, is usually more sudden in onset, painful, and occurs at the edge of the eyelid. Cellulitis is also typically painful.
Treatment is initiated with warm compresses. In addition, antibiotic/corticosteroid eyedrops or ointment may be used. If large, incision and drainage may be recommended for removal of the lesion.
Blepharitis is one of the most common ocular conditions characterized by inflammation, scaling, reddening, and crusting of the eyelid. This condition may also cause burning, itching, or a grainy sensation when introducing foreign objects or substances to the eye. Although blepharitis is not sight-threatening, it can lead to permanent alterations of the eyelid margin. The overall etiology is a result of bacteria and inflammation from congested meibomian oil glands at the base of each eyelash.
Lid hygiene measures such as warm compresses and lid scrubs are found to be effective in providing symptomatic relief for participants with anterior and posterior blepharitis.
A papilloma is a benign epithelial tumor growing outwardly projecting in nipple-like and often finger-like fronds. It frequently refers to infections (squamous cell papilloma) caused by human papillomavirus (HPV), such as warts. Treatment is conservative surgical excision, Recurrence is rare.
Entropion ( In-Turning of eye lids)
Entropion is a medical condition in which the eyelid (usually the lower lid) folds inward. It is very uncomfortable, as the eyelashes continuously rub against the cornea causing irritation. Symptoms of entropion include redness and pain around the eye, sensitivity to light and wind ,sagging skin around the eye, watering and decreased vision, especially if the cornea is damaged. Treatment is a relatively simple surgery . Prognosis is excellent if surgery is performed before the cornea is damaged.
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